These researchers may have found a solution for protecting coral reefs

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How can we protect coral reefs from rising ocean temperatures? The solution may lie in their microbiome, according to new research by American scientists at Penn State University. This new study identified genes in the microbiome (bacteria, fungi, viruses) of certain types of corals that may play a role in how reefs respond to heat stress. “Prolonged exposure to heat can cause ‘bleaching’ in which photosymbionts (symbiotic algae) are jettisoned from the coral animal, causing the animal to die. We found that when some corals become heat stressed, their microbiomes can protect them from bleachin…

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